What is Human Trafficking? In accordance with the Act-Means-Purpose (AMP) framework, human trafficking consists of an act (recruitment, enticement, transfer, harboring, provision, or receipt of a person); through the use of force, fraud, or coercion, and for the specific purpose of sexual exploitation or forced labor. If any of the three components are missing, it is not human trafficking (unless victim is a minor - see below).
What is Sex Trafficking? When a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud or coercion OR when the person induced to perform the act is under 18 years old. A commercial sex act means any item of value is traded for any sexual service (prostitution, pornography, or sexual performance). Domestic minor sex trafficking is commercial sexual exploitation of American children within U.S. borders for monetary or other compensation (shelter, food, drugs, etc).
Does prostitution = sex trafficking? In some cases, prostitution may be an individual choice. Under U.S. Federal law, sex trafficking requires force, fraud or coercion UNLESS the victim is a minor. Any minor used in a commercial sex act (the exchange of any item of value for a sex act) IS a victim of trafficking, regardless of their willingness or desire to engage in the sex act.
Who buys sex? Buyers of sex can be anyone – males, female, professionals, students, tourists, military personnel, a family member. Because buyers often pay in cash and may interact with a victim for as little as five minutes, buyers are difficult to identify.